What is a fatty liver?

Introduction to fatty liver disease and ways to prevent it

Nowadays, fatty liver disease has increased due to poor lifestyle. Fatty liver has many different causes, but the most important causes of fatty liver are excessive energy consumption, obesity, laziness and low exercise and activity.

The liver is one of the most important organs of the body that, if damaged, can cause many problems for humans. Read more about fatty liver, fatty liver problems and methods.

health articles Fatty Liver 01

 What is a fatty liver?

The liver is the second largest organ in the human body and is responsible for the so-called rejection of all foods and beverages consumed from the filter, which means that the liver captures the harmful factors of food and enters it into other systems of the body without harm. The liver is naturally cleansed and cleansed by cells.

Fat in the liver of any human is normal, but if the liver contains 5 to 10 percent fat, it is called fatty liver. The fatty liver creates a destructive position in the body and, worse, has no warning signs.

Fatty liver disease is associated with inflammation, which is associated with the loss of hepatocytes and, if left untreated, causes liver cirrhosis.


The main cause of fatty liver

The underlying cause of fatty liver disease is unknown, but a number of specific clinical disorders have been identified as underlying causes. Seventy percent of patients with fatty liver are obese. Diabetes and high blood lipids are also underlying causes.

Various factors that alter metabolism in the body, including sudden weight loss, malnutrition, intravenous nutrition, and prolonged starvation, such as fasting, can also cause fatty liver.

Factors causing fatty liver:

  • Overdose
  • Incorrect diet
  • Internal and latent stress
  • Consumption of Lovastatin and Fast Foods

Experts believe that a misguided lifestyle and its effects, such as obesity and overweight, have been implicated in the development of fatty liver of all ages. .


Fatty liver statistics

Between 10% and 20% of Americans have fatty liver, and that figure is 40% for Iranians, which is a big warning for the Iranian people.


How does the liver become greasy?

Researchers believe that too much fat can damage the liver. In obese people who do not have fatty liver disease, the fat in the food will eventually stick to the liver, so fat accumulates in an unknown mechanism even in the liver of people who do not use alcohol. Recent research suggests that fat in foods is one of the causes of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. It seems that the excessive entry of fats into the liver is responsible for the disease. When the liver loses the ability to regulate the absorption of fats.

In healthy people, about half the fat consumed is converted to energy and burned and the remaining one second is stored in adipose tissue.
Naturally, only a small amount of fat is stored in the liver. Finding the roots of fats stored in non-alcoholic fatty liver is crucial for the prevention and treatment of this disease.


Types of fatty liver

There are three types of fatty liver, non-alcoholic fatty liver, alcoholic fatty liver, and pregnancy fatty liver, each of which is described separately.

- Non-alcoholic fatty liver

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease occurs when the liver has difficulty breaking down fats and as the fat accumulates in the liver tissues, the person develops fatty liver. Fatty liver disease is not associated with alcohol consumption and is characterized when 10% or more of the liver contains fat.

The disease itself is divided into several categories and at the most severe stages causes cirrhosis or scarring and then liver failure.

- Alcoholic fatty liver

Alcoholic fatty liver disease is one of the first stages of alcohol-related liver disease. The liver is damaged by excessive consumption of alcohol and unable to break down fats. If the person refrains from alcohol, this type of fatty liver will be treated slowly, but if he continues to drink alcohol he may develop liver cirrhosis.

- Pregnant fatty liver

Although fatty liver from pregnancy is a very rare form of fatty liver, accumulating fat during pregnancy can have serious risks for both the mother and the fetus. It can lead to liver failure, kidney failure, severe infection or bleeding.

Although the cause of the disease is not fully understood, scientists believe it is linked to hormones of the time. Symptoms occur in the third trimester and include nausea, vomiting, pain in the upper right abdomen, jaundice and general malaise.

Pregnant women should undergo tests to find out about the disease, with most women starting to recover after childbirth.